Pet Poisons

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There are many toxic hazards around your home and garden including medicines, cleaning products, pesticides and plants.  Puppies can be exposed to these toxins in a number of different ways including ingestion, contact with the skin or eyes and inhalation.

If you think your puppy has been poisoned, you will need to get veterinary attention straight away. It will help your vet if you can provide the following details:

Some of the most common poisons are listed below:

Human Foods
Toxin Symptoms (may include some or all)
Chocolate Vomiting, diarrhoea, excitability, twitching, tremors, fits
Onion Family (including leeks, shallots, garlic and chives) Lethargy, stomach problems, rapid breathing, discoloured urine. May take a few days for symptoms to show.
Grapes, Currants, Raisins and Sultanas Stomach problems, kidney problems – look out for signs of increased thirst
Xylitol (found in many sugar-free items and nicotine replacement products) Weakness, lethargy, collapse, fitting, liver problems.
Other poisonous items include alcohol, blue cheese, raw bread dough, macadamia nuts and mouldy food
Household products
Chlorine based bleaches corrosive injury to mouth and gut. Excess salivation and stomach problems if diluted – eg bleached water drunk from toilet bowl.
Detergents Vomiting, breathing problems, dehydration if ingested. Eye irritation through direct contact.
Oven/Drain Cleaners Tissue damage, salivation, stomach problems, ulceration, chemical burns, breathing difficulties, difficulty swallowing.
Other toxic household items include dishwasher tablets and salts, kettle descalers and metal polishes
Medicines
Ibuprofen and NSAIDS (non steriodal anti-inflamatory drugs) Severe tummy upset, blood in their stools, ulceration, vomiting, increased thirst, inappropriate urination and kidney failure.
Oral Contraceptives Mild stomach upsets and disruption to oestrus in bitches
Paracetamol vomiting, brown gums, increased heart rate, changes to breathing, swelling to face and paws and delayed liver failure
Psoriasis creams (contain vitamin D derivatives) Weakness, profuse vomiting, diarrhoea, increased thirst, muscle spasms, fits, heart problems, kidney failure and calcification of the lungs and gut.
Other toxic medicines include antidepressants, aspirin, blood pressure medications, diabetes medications, heart medications and sleeping aids
In the garden
Fungi Stomach upset, blood in the stools or urine, hallucinations, fits, kidney or liver failure
Daffodils / Tulips / Crocus bulbs Vomiting, stomach upsets, excess salivation, fits, increases to blood pressure, heart rate and temperature,
Toads irritation to and pain in the mouth, disorientation, increased breathing,  heart rate changes and fits
Other garden toxins include acorns, compost, foxgloves, conkers, apple seeds, fruit stones (plums, cherries), yew trees
In the shed
Antifreeze Vomiting, diarrhoea, weakness, drunken appearance, kidney failure
Herbicides Vomiting, dehydration, blood in the stools or vomit, mouth ulcers, breathing problems, heart problems, kidney and liver failure
Rat and mouse poison Internal bleeding, weakness, lethargy, lameness, bruising, vomiting, excitability, changes in temperature, fits
Slug pellets Tremors, twitching, fits
Other toxins found in sheds and garages include creosote, teak oil, fertilisers, fuel, gloss paints, insecticides, white spirit and water proofing sprays

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